This bright red, powdered resin, unquestionably reminiscent of blood, has long been revered for its magical potency. In accordance with the doctrine of signatures it was used as a substitute for blood and thought to possess some of the same qualities. Its protective powers were thought to make heroes invincible and to neutralize negative energies. The resin has also been used as an ingredient of magical inks. It shares the binding qualities of Gum Tragacanth and can be used as a fixative for volatile essential oils.
Since people first came together to honour the Gods and spirits of nature they used gums, resins and fragrant herbs to bring them closer to the divine beings and to give fragrant wings to their prayers. Every culture has their own sacred herbs that are particular to its region, yet, precious incense herbs and gums have also always been traded far beyond their country of origin.